World of Aerospace

     Information on the National Space Agency and Space Program of Japan

Japanese National Space Agency (JAXA)

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) is the national space agency of Japan. It is responsible for all space related activities of Japan.


JAXA was established in October 2003 with the merger of Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences (ISAS), National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (NAL) and National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) into JAXA. JAXA message "Reaching for the skies, exploring space" and the highly ambitious JAXA2025 vision shows the interest of Japanese space program to further enhance aerospace and space exploration and give national benefit to the country.


The Japan Aerospace Exploration agency (JAXA) is divided into,


  • Space Transportation Mission Directorate
  • Space Applications Mission Directorate
  • Aerospace Research and Development Directorate
  • Institute of Space and Aeronautical Sciences
  • Aviation Program Group
  • Human Space Systems and Utilization Mission Directorate
  • Lunar and Planetary Exploration Program Group


The JAXA Missions include,

Launch Vehicles and Space Transportation Systems

JAXA has developed the H-II and H-IIA rockets for the launch of experimental test rockets. JAXA has also developed the M-V (Mu-five) solid-fuelled rocket and is developing the GX (Galex) Rocket the first liquefied natural gas (LNG) rocket.


International Space Station and Human Space Exploration

The JAXA has developed JAXA Kibo module for the International Space Station which is by far the largest module installed on the ISS.


Satellites and Spacecrafts

Japan launched his first satellite Osumi in 1970. JAXA is developing satellites and spacecrafts for future space exploration and earth observation missions. JAXA will launch GOSAT (Greenhouse gases observing satellite).


Space Utilization with Satellites.

Space Sciences Research.

The JAXA has research in the field of Solar sails and astrology, cosmology and solar physics. JAXA has done Infrared astronomy, X-ray astronomy, Solar astronomy, Radio Astronomy.


Space and Aeronautic Engineering Research

The JAXA has research work being done on a next generation supersonic commercial aircraft. The name of the project is NEXST which plans to develop a 300 seat commercial aircraft which could travel at Mach 2 speeds. JAXA has done aerodynamic testing of the model.


Aviation Program

JAXA also does aviation research projects.


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